Kermetico HVAF and HVOF thermal spray equipment

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 Compact System for Spraying Metal, Alloy and Cermet Coatings onto Thin Walls, Inside Diameters and Complex Geometries

Kermetico HVAF AK5 High Velocity Air Fuel Spraying a Cermet Coating onto a Complex Part

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 High Velocity Air Fuel Spraying a Cermet Coating onto a Complex Part

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 system is compact and useful for thermal spraying cermet and metal coatings.

As a member of Kermetico AK family, it works with the same AK control system.

The Key Features of Our HVAF AK5

  • Spray rate – 15 kg/hour (33 lbs./hour)
  • Spray powders: cermet compositions 1-15 to 5-30 microns; metals and alloys 10-30 to 10-45 microns
  • Axial powder injection
  • With 80 kW power, we have designed it for spraying thin walls, internal surfaces, and parts having low heat dissipation
  • Fuel gas options: propane, propylene, natural gas, propane-butane, MAPP
  • Air cooling (no need for a water chiller) makes the system mobile
  • Sprays inside diameter 255 mm (10”) and larger
  • ID rotating version for inside diameters is available
  • Blast & spray operation saves 99% of blast media, 30-50% setup and preparation time
  • High coating quality: high density, low level of oxidation, impermeable to gas and liquids

Spraying Alloy and Cermet Coatings onto Thin-Walled Parts and Complex Surface Geometries

We have developed the Kermetico HVAF AK5 as an answer to a market request for a compact, low-power, high-velocity system for cermet coating. While Kermetico’s AK7 and AK6, having 200 and 130 kW of power respectively and depositing more than 26 kg (60 lbs.) per hour, are perfect for large parts, low energy dissipation surfaces need another approach.

A thermal spray process should always balance surface energy on a narrow edge between too much and too little. Too little heat will prevent or slow down coating formation. Too much heat will create excessive stress which could lead to a coating failure or even part deformation.

HVOF processes heat the substrate in the spray spot much more severely than Kermetico HVAF. (Combustion is still going on in an HVOF jet, which is not present in our well-balanced HVAF process).

The most efficient way to produce an HVAF coating is by uninterrupted heat flow through the substrate, which pre-heats the surface before the jet comes in contact with it.

Most of the full-bodied parts are massive enough to dissipate the larger guns’ HVAF jet energy and prevent excess stress formation.

But when it comes to the cermet coating of thin-walled rolls, tubes, caps, hydro turbines, steam and gas turbine vanes, as well as internal surfaces of closed vessels, high energy could become your enemy.

The regulated power of 80 kW or less for the AK5 provides the option to divide energy between feedstock powder preheating, acceleration and surface preheating.

But this is not all!

Thermal Spraying Cermet and Alloyed Metal Coatings onto Inside Diameters (ID) 200 mm (8”) and Larger

Kermetico HVAF AK5 Spraying an Alloy Coating onto an Inside Diameter

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 System Spraying a Hastelloy-type Coating onto an Inside Diameter

The compact Kermetico HVAF AK5 system successfully deposits cermet and metal coatings onto internal diameters 200 mm (8”) or larger.

Two versions of the gun are available: the standard AK5 to be manipulated by a robot or other manipulator and a rotating AK5 gun to spray alloys and cermets onto inside diameters of fixed parts. Watch the video on this page to see our rotating AK5 in use.

Please also check out our AK-ID for inside diameters 80 mm (3.15”) and larger and our rotating AK-IDR for bores 100 mm (4”) and larger, up to 600 mm (2’) deep for parts that cannot easily be rotated.

The AK5 system prevents oxidation and decomposition of the feedstock and also keeps the air clean.

Do you want to know the best part?

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 System Sprays Great Quality Cermet Coatings

The compact Kermetico HVAF AK5 system is used to deposit tungsten and chromium carbides, stainless steels, Hastelloy, Inconel and Ni-based coatings onto complex surfaces of various parts and structures.

It is a heavy-duty coating system, made to sustain harsh environments and to work long hours with high spray rates.

The AK5 spare parts consumption is ten times less than HVOF (both volume- and cost-wise).

Why is that?

The temperature of air-fuel combustion is 1,000 °C (1,830°F) lower than oxy-fuel. The parts of the gun are not heat-stressed.

Furthermore, the powder is fed axially and does not touch the nozzle walls during spraying thanks to our well-calculated gun geometry.

A Typical Cross-Sectional Micrograph of the Kermetico HVAF AK5 Alloy Coating

A Micrograph of a NiCrBSi Coating Applied by the Kermetico HVAF AK5 Gun

A Micrograph of a NiCrBSi Coating Applied by the Kermetico HVAF AK5 Gun

Thermal Spray Applications for the Kermetico HVAF AK5

The Kermetico AK5 gun is designed to spray WCCoCr, CR3C2-NiCr, MCrAlY, Hastelloy-type and super stainless alloys onto a variety of parts:

Blasting and Spraying with Kermetico Equipment

Each Kermetico AK-family gun can execute blasting and spraying operations.

Prepare a part for coating, blast it with the AK gun, (it is extremely fast and uniform) change the powder feed hose and perhaps the nozzle and spray with the same gun, spending one-tenth the time for the blasting operation.

It is much faster and more accurate than manual blasting.

Using HVAF blasting for surface preparation reduces blast media consumption by 100-times compared to blasting with compressed air.

Imagine how important it is for on-site operation.

The Kermetico HVAF Process Description and Advantages

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 system deposits cermet, metal and alloyed powders, heated and accele­rated by the combustion products of the air-fuel gas mixture.

When entering the gun, the compressed air cools the gun. Then the preheated air is used for mixing with the fuel for combustion.

The mixture of pre-heated compressed air and fuel gas flows into the combustion chamber through the orifices of a catalytic ceramic insert.

Initial ignition of the mixture results in the heating of the insert above the mixture’s auto-ignition tempera­ture and the hot insert then continuously ignites the mixture.

The spray powder is injected axially into a wide combustion chamber, where the gas flow is very slow, less than 40 m/s (130 ft./sec.)

The long residence time and exposure to favorable heat transfer conditions at high gas pressure, allows the powder to heat efficiently in the chamber.

As an optional tool for accurate feedstock heating, a spray operator may inject controlled amounts of a high heat conductivity gas (hydro­gen, helium).

Leaving the chamber, the powder is propelled into the nozzle of chosen length and configuration, where it is accelerated to a velocity that may be from 8,00 to over 1,000 m/s (2,600 to 3,300 ft./sec.), dependent on the chosen nozzle and combustion chamber pressure.

When impacting a sub­strate, the spray powder particles form a coating.

Our HVAF and HVOF Thermal Spray Systems

You can use any of these HVAF AK guns, with the same AK5 system:

  • AK7 – a high-power gun for the thermal spray of large parts
  • AK6 – a gun to spray tungsten and chromium carbide onto a balanced mix of parts
  • AK-ID – an 80 mm (3.15”) and larger internal diameter spray gun
  • AK-IDR – a rotating ID gun to spray 4” (100 mm) and larger bores
  • AK-HH – a handheld gun for on-site coating

Or you can choose different equipment.

Convertible HVOF and HVAF equipment:

  • C7 – an HVAF/HVOF gun for large parts
  • C6 – a general purpose HVAF-HVOF gun
  • CID – an HVAF&HVOF gun to spray internal diameters 80 mm (3.15″) and larger

Specialized equipment:

  • SL – a specialized gun for spraying low melting point metals
  • SP – a dedicated gun for the most efficient precious metals’ deposition
  • STi – a specialized gun for the deposition of titanium and Ti-alloy coatings

The Specifications of the Kermetico HVAF AK5 Gun

##Specified CharacteristicS.I. UnitsU.S. Units
1Total heat output80 kW272,970 BTU/h
2Feedstock particle size range, microns


Metals and alloys


1-15, 5-30

10-30, 20-45

3Maximum spray rate250 g/min33 lbs./hour
4Fuel gasPropane, propylene, natural gas, propane-butane, MAPP
5Consumption of compressed air5,240 SLPM185 SCFM
6Maximum inlet air pressure7.4 Bar105 PSIG
7Consumption of fuel gas, propane65 SLPM2.3 SCFM
8Maximum inlet fuel pressure7.4 Bar105 PSI
9Consumption of powder carrier gas, N2max 20 SLPMmax 0.7 SCFM
10Gun dimensions, with the shortest (longest) nozzle152 (229)x 80×80 mm6(9) x 3.15×3.15 inch
11Gun weight with fixture and nozzle3kg6.7 lbs.
12Average thrust during gun operation3.6 kg7.9 lbs.

Kermetico, Inc. – HVAF and HVOF Equipment Design and Manufacture Since 2006

We make different spray guns for different applications.

Please check the full spectrum of our equipment here.

Our HVAF and HVOF systems operate each of our guns or several guns at once (by request).

We supply two types of control consoles, a variety of powder feeders and gas vaporizers.

We proudly design and produce our HVOF & HVAF thermal spray equipment in California, USA, and install it all over the world.

You can visit our R&D center in Benicia to meet our designers and see our HVAF & HVOF equipment in action.

The Kermetico HVAF AK5 Compact System for Spraying Metal, Alloy and Cermet Coatings onto Thin Walls, Inside Diameters and Complex Geometries
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The Kermetico HVAF AK5 Compact System for Spraying Metal, Alloy and Cermet Coatings onto Thin Walls, Inside Diameters and Complex Geometries